June 16 – A Day as Today - International Day of the African Child!

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June 16 – A Day as Today – Dorian’s Secrets

Table of Contents:
In the Gregorian Calendar, June 16 is the 167th
(hundredth – sixtieth seventh) day of the year.

There are 198 days left until the end of 2021!

Quote of the Day…

Individuals … are not trying to promote the public interest nor do they know how much they are promoting it. They only seek their own security, their own gain, for which they are led by an invisible hand to promote an end that was not in their intentions. By seeking their personal interest, they tend to promote that of society more effectively than when they actually intend to promote it.

— Adam Smith
Scottish economist (born June 16, 1723).

Events that Happened “A Day as Today”

A Day as Today - Events - Dorian's Secrets
Events that Happened “Such a Day as Today” / Image Credit: Gerd Altmann

June 16 – A Day as Today – Events

  • 221: Emperor Heliogabalus adopts Alexander Severus as his son, and names him Caesar as his legitimate successor.
  • 363: Roman Emperor Julian the Apostate returns from the Tigris River and burns his fleet. During the retreat from him, the Roman forces suffered different attacks from the Persians.
  • 632: in Persia, Yazdgerd III is crowned the last Sassanid emperor before the Muslim conquest, and that year is the first in the Zoroastrian calendar.
  • 1487: in East Stoke, Nottinghamshire (England) the battle of Stoke Field is fought, the last of the War of the Roses.
  • 1456: in Spain, King Enrique IV of Castile grants the Charter of Privilege to the city of Estepona (Malaga).
  • 1586: in England, María Tudor, I of England recognizes her husband, Felipe II of Spain, as her heir.
  • 1745: in present-day Nova Scotia (Canada) – within the framework of the War of the Austrian Succession – British troops under the command of William Pepperell capture the French fortress of Louisbourg (on the island of Cape Breton).
  • 1779: Spain declares war on Great Britain. The siege of Gibraltar begins.
  • 1805: strong earthquake in the departments of Tolima and Cundinamarca (Colombia) of 6.2 on the Richter scale.
  • 1815: two days before the Battle of Waterloo, the battles of Ligny and Quatre Bras are fought.
  • 1816: Lord Byron writes Fantasmagoriana to his four Villa Diodati guests, Percy Shelley, Mary Shelley, Claire Clairmont, and John Polidori, and inspires his challenge for each guest to write a scary story, culminating in Mary Shelley Frankenstein’s writing, John Polidori writing the story The Vampire and Byron his poem Darkness.
  • 1846: in Italy, Giovanni María Mastai Ferretti is elected pope, adopting the name of Pius IX.
  • 1858: within the framework of the Rebellion in India of 1857, the battle of Morar begins.
  • 1897: the treaty by which the United States annexes Hawaii is signed.
  • 1903: the Ford Motor Company is founded in the United States.
  • 1904: In Dublin, the Irish writer James Joyce begins his relationship with Nora Barnacle. Years later he will use this date as the day on which his best-known novel, Ulysses, takes place.
  • 1904: Eugen Schauman assassinates Nikolai Bobrikov, Governor General of Finland.
  • 1911: in Kilbourn (Wisconsin), a 772 gram stone meteorite falls, destroying a barn.
  • 1911: IBM is born as a Computing-Tabulation-Recording company in Endicott (New York).
  • 1918: The Declaration to the Seven was a document written by the British diplomat Sir Henry McMahon to seven notable Syrians.
  • 1922: Elections are held in Ireland: Sinn Féin wins with a large majority.
  • 1940: in France, Marshal Philippe Pétain asks for an armistice from the German Nazis.
  • 1940: in Lithuania a communist government is established.
  • 1940: World War II: Marshal Henri Philippe Pétain becomes head of state of Vichy France.
  • 1950: Opening of the Maracana Stadium in Rio de Janeiro for the fourth edition of the men’s soccer world championship organized by FIFA where the Uruguayan team wins its second world championship.
  • 1955: in Buenos Aires (Argentina), the Argentine Navy bombed the Plaza de Mayo (the main one in the city) in a frustrated coup attempt against President Juan Domingo Perón. It left a balance of more than 300 dead and about 2,000 wounded.
  • 1956: in the Enewetak Atoll, the United States detonates the 365 kt atomic bomb Osage (name of an ethnic group of Native Americans), the 10th of the 17 of the Redwing operation.
  • 1958: Imre Nagy, Pál Maleter and other leaders of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 are executed.
  • 1960: Alfred Hitchcock’s film Psycho opens.
  • 1961: at Le Bourget airport, in Paris (France), the Soviet ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev defected from his country.
  • 1963: Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first female cosmonaut in history, by participating in the Vostok 6 mission.
  • 1976: the riots in Soweto (South Africa) take place, carried out by young blacks against the South African authorities in order to oppose the educational policies established by the government of the National Party during the apartheid regime. By the end of the day, the South African government had killed 566 children and one of the first of whom was Hector Pieterson.
  • 1978: the film Grease is released in the United States.
  • 1983: in the Soviet Union, Yuri Andrópov is named president.
  • 1986: in Santiago de Chile, bomb attack in the Santiago Metro, at Los Héroes and Tobalaba stations, leaving one dead and seven people injured.
  • 1989: In Budapest, Hungary, during the commemoration of the 31st anniversary of the execution of Imre Nagy and other martyrs of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, Viktor Orbán delivers a speech demanding both free elections and the withdrawal of troops from the Soviet Union.
  • 1995: in Budapest (Hungary), the International Olympic Committee (IOC) chooses Salt Lake City to host the 2002 Winter Olympics.
  • 1997: in Algeria about 50 people are killed in the Dairat Labguer massacre.
  • 1999: Thabo Mbeki is elected president in South Africa.
  • 2011: Italy reopens the Tower of Pisa after 10 years of work for its consolidation.
  • 2019: a historical power blackout occurs in several South American countries, originating in Argentina, which completely affected their national territory (except Tierra de Fuego), Uruguay and Paraguay.

Who was Born “A Day as Today”?

A Day as Today - Births - Dorian's Secrets
Who was Born “A Day as Today”? / Image Credit: Susanne Jutzeler

June 16 – A Day as Today – Births

  • 1139: Konoe, Japanese emperor (d. 1155).
  • 1583: Axel Oxenstierna, Swedish statesman (d. 1654).
  • 1612: Murad IV, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1640).
  • 1644: Henrietta Ana Estuardo, British nobleman (d. 1670).
  • 1723: Adam Smith, Scottish economist and philosopher (d. 1790).
  • 1749: Gottlieb Conrad Christian Storr, German physician and naturalist (d. 1821).
  • 1752: Salavat Yuláyev, Russian writer and poet (d. 1800).
  • 1794: María Trinidad Sánchez, activist and fighter for Dominican independence (d. 1845).
  • 1792 – Thomas Mitchell, Australian explorer (d. 1855).
  • 1793: Diego Portales, Chilean politician (d. 1837).
  • 1801: Julius Plücker, German mathematician and physicist (d. 1868).
  • 1821: Tom Morris, Sr., Scottish golfer (d. 1908).
  • 1826: Constantin von Ettingshausen, Austrian geologist and botanist (d. 1897).
  • 1827: Elie Reclus, French ethnographer and anarchist (d. 1904).
  • 1829: Gerónimo, North American Indian chief (d. 1909).
  • 1836: Wesley Merritt, American general (d. 1910).
  • 1837: Ernst Laas, German philosopher (d. 1885).
  • 1858: Gustav V of Sweden (d. 1950).
  • 1863: Francisco León de la Barra, Mexican politician (d. 1939).
  • 1863: Arturo Michelena, Venezuelan painter (d. 1898).
  • 1866: Joaquín Clausell, Mexican painter (d. 1935).
  • 1866: Juan F. Muñoz y Pabón, Spanish writer and religious (d. 1920).
  • 1874: Arthur Meighen, Canadian politician and prime minister (d. 1960).
  • 1875: Luis Garrido Juaristi, Spanish politician (d. 1940).
  • 1875: José Martínez de Velasco, Spanish lawyer and politician (d. 1936).
  • 1879: Gustavo Ross, Chilean politician and financier (d. 1961).
  • 1887: Silvio Pettirossi, pioneer of Paraguayan aviation (d. 1916).
  • 1888: Alexander Friedmann, Russian mathematician and physicist (d. 1925).
  • 1890: Stan Laurel, El Flaco, British comic film actor, from the duo El Gordo y el Flaco (d. 1965).
  • 1892: Josep Llorens i Artigas, Spanish ceramist (d. 1980).
  • 1892: Lupino Lane, British actor (d. 1959).
  • 1894: José Amalfitani, Argentine sports leader (d. 1969).
  • 1894: Norman Kerry, American actor (d. 1956).
  • 1894: Fyodor Tolbujin, Soviet military man (d. 1949).
  • 1896: Murray Leinster, American writer (d. 1976).
  • 1897: Elaine Hammerstein, American actress (d. 1948).
  • 1897: Georg Wittig, German chemist (d. 1987).
  • 1901: Henri Lefebvre, French philosopher (d. 1991).
  • 1902: George Gaylord Simpson, American paleontologist (d. 1984).
  • 1902: Barbara McClintock, American geneticist, 1983 Nobel Laureate in medicine (d. 1992).
  • 1903: Helen Traubel, American soprano (d. 1972).
  • 1907: Jack Albertson, American actor (d. 1981).
  • 1910: Juan Velasco Alvarado, Peruvian president between 1968 and 1975 (f. 1977).
  • 1912: Enoch Powell, British politician (d. 1998).
  • 1915: Mariano Rumor, Italian politician (d. 1990).
  • 1915: John Tukey, American mathematician (d. 2000).
  • 1917: Phaedon Gizikis, Greek general, President of Greece (d. 1999).
  • 1917: Katharine Graham, editor of the Washington Post and Newsweek (d. 2001).
  • 1917: Irving Penn, American photographer (d. 2009).
  • 1920: John Howard Griffin, American journalist (d. 1980).
  • 1920: José López Portillo, Mexican president between 1976 and 1982 (f. 2004).
  • 1920: Hemanta Kumar Mukhopadhyay, Indian musician (d. 1989).
  • 1922: Wayne Mixson, American politician (d. 2020).
  • 1922: Frances Rafferty, American actress (d. 2004).
  • 1924: Faith Domergue, American actress (f. 1999).
  • 1925: Argelio García Rodríguez, Cuban humorist (f. 1992).
  • 1925: Östen Sjöstrand, Swedish writer (d. 2006).
  • 1925: Rosa Wunder, Peruvian actress (d. 2011).
  • 1926: Efraín Ríos Montt, Guatemalan politician and general (d. 2018).
  • 1928: Annie Cordy, Belgian singer and actress (f. 2020).
  • 1929: Antonio Pérez Crespo, Spanish politician (d. 2012).
  • 1934: Leonor González Mina, Colombian artist.
  • 1934: William Sharpe, American researcher, Nobel laureate in economics in 1990.
  • 1935: Bill Cobbs, American actor.
  • 1935: Jim Dine, American painter.
  • 1937: Erich Segal, American writer (d. 2010).
  • 1937: Simeon of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Bulgarian king.
  • 1938: Torgny Lindgren, Swedish writer (d. 2017).
  • 1938: Joyce Carol Oates, American writer.
  • 1938: Jaime Tohá, Chilean politician.
  • 1940: Ludovic Booz, Haitian sculptor.
  • 1940: César Pérez de Tudela, Spanish mountaineer.
  • 1942: Giacomo Agostini, Italian motorcyclist.
  • 1944: Henri Richelet, French painter.
  • 1946: Rick Adelman, American basketball player.
  • 1946: Gérard Grisey, French composer (f. 1998).
  • 1946: Mark Ritts, American actor (d. 2009).
  • 1948: Leopoldo María Panero, Spanish writer (d. 2014).
  • 1949: Jairo, Argentine singer.
  • 1950: Emilio José, Spanish singer
  • 1950: Mithun Chakraborty, Indian actor.
  • 1951: Charlie Dominici, American musician, of the bands Dream Theater and Dominici.
  • 1951: Roberto Mano de Piedra Durán, Panamanian boxer.
  • 1951: Tití Fernández, Argentine sports journalist.
  • 1952: Jerry Hadley, American tenor (f. 2007).
  • 1952: Salvador Pineda, Mexican film, television and theater actor.
  • 1952: Yorgos Papandréu, Greek politician.
  • 1952: Gino Vannelli, Canadian musician.
  • 1953: María Graña, Argentine tango singer.
  • 1953: Juan Muñoz, Spanish sculptor (d. 2001).
  • 1955: Laurie Metcalf, American actress.
  • 1956: Mesrob II Mutafyan of Constantinople, Turkish Archbishop.
  • 1956: María Valenzuela, Argentine actress.
  • 1957: Jordi Hurtado, Spanish television presenter.
  • 1958: Darrell Griffith, American basketball player.
  • 1958: Nicolás Redondo Terreros, Spanish politician.
  • 1958: Jóhannes Helgason, Icelandic guitarist and pilot.
  • 1959: Javier Lombardo, Argentine actor.
  • 1959: The Ultimate Warrior, American professional wrestler (d. 2014).
  • 1962: Patrick Ericson, Spanish writer.
  • 1962: Femi Kuti, Nigerian singer.
  • 1962: Arnold Vosloo, South African actor.
  • 1963: Jim Fullington, American professional wrestler.
  • 1964: Néstor de Vicente, Argentine footballer (d. 2011).
  • 1966: Jan Železný, Czech athlete
  • 1968: Germán Martitegui, Argentine chef.
  • 1968: James Patrick Stuart, American actor.
  • 1968: Darío Sztainszraiber, Argentine philosopher and television host.
  • 1970: Clifton Collins Jr., American actor.
  • 1970: Cobi Jones, American footballer.
  • 1970: Phil Mickelson, American golfer.
  • 1971: Tupac Shakur, American rapper (f. 1996).
  • 1972: John Cho, South Korean actor.
  • 1973: Eddie Cibrian, American actor.
  • 1973: Nikos Machlas, Greek footballer.
  • 1975: Anthony Carter, American basketball player.
  • 1976: Giovanni Hernández, Colombian footballer.
  • 1976: Edwin Tenorio, Ecuadorian soccer player.
  • 1978: Daniel Brühl, Spanish-German actor.
  • 1978: Jasmine Leong, Chinese singer.
  • 1979: Patricio Fontanet, Argentine singer, of the band Callejeros.
  • 1979: Emerson Acuña, Colombian soccer player.
  • 1980: Brandon Armstrong, American basketball player.
  • 1980: Cristian Campestrini, Argentine footballer.
  • 1980: Daré Nibombé, Togolese footballer.
  • 1980: Martin Stranzl, Austrian footballer.
  • 1981: Benjamin Becker, German tennis player.
  • 1981: Ben Kweller, American singer, of the bands Radish and The Bens.
  • 1981: Miguel Villalta, Peruvian soccer player.
  • 1982: Matt Costa, American musician.
  • 1982: Franco Peppino, Argentine footballer.
  • 1982: Missy Peregrym Canadian actress and model.
  • 1982: Albert Rocas, Spanish handball player.
  • 1983: Armend Dallku, Albanian footballer.
  • 1983: Verónica Echegui, Spanish actress.
  • 1984: Steven Whittaker, Scottish footballer.
  • 1986: Cristian Manuel Chávez, Argentine footballer.
  • 1986: Urby Emanuelson, Dutch footballer.
  • 1986: Fernando Muslera, Uruguayan soccer player.
  • 1987: Kelly Blatz, American actor.
  • 1987: Diana DeGarmo, American actress and singer.
  • 1987: Per Ciljan Skjelbred, Norwegian footballer.
  • 1988: Keshia Chanté, Canadian singer and actress.
  • 1988: Fátima Torre, Mexican actress.
  • 1989: Odion Jude Ighalo, Nigerian footballer.
  • 1989: Shyla Jennings, German pornographic actress of American origin.
  • 1989: Xuso Jones, Spanish singer.
  • 1990: John Newman, British singer.
  • 1991: Joe McElderry, singer and British model.
  • 1994: Caitlyn Taylor Love, American actress and singer.
  • 1995: Joseph Schooling, Singaporean swimmer.
  • 2000: Bianca Andreescu, Canadian tennis player.

Who Left Us “A Day as Today”?

A Day as Today - Deaths - Dorian's Secrets
Who Left Us “A Day as Today”? / Image Credit: Katrina

June 16 – A Day as Today – Deaths

  • 956: Hugo the Great, French nobleman (b. 898).
  • 1468: Jean Le Fèvre, Burgundian chronicler (b.1395).
  • 1622: Christian of Brunswick, German Protestant military leader (b. 1599).
  • 1622: Alexander Seton, Scottish lawyer, judge and politician (b.1555)
  • 1666: Richard Fanshawe, British diplomat, translator, poet and Hispanicist (b.1608).
  • 1671: Stenka Razin, Cossack rebel leader (b.1630).
  • 1707: Marie de Nemours, French aristocrat (b.1625).
  • 1722 – John Churchill, British general and statesman (b.1650).
  • 1742: Luisa Isabel de Orleans, Spanish aristocrat, wife of King Louis I in 1724 (born 1709).
  • 1752: Giulio Alberoni, Italian politician, plenipotentiary minister of Felipe V (b. 1664).
  • 1752 – Joseph Butler, British philosopher (b.1692).
  • 1824: Charles-François Lebrun, French politician (b. 1739).
  • 1858 – John Snow, British physician (b.1813).
  • 1878 – Crawford W. Long, American physician, first Western anesthesiologist (b. 1815).
  • 1881: Marie Laveau, American voodoo practitioner (b.1801).
  • 1899: Lucas García Cardona, Spanish master builder (b. 1847).
  • 1902: Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (b.1841).
  • 1904: Eugen Schauman, Finnish nationalist activist (b. 1875).
  • 1937: Don Marquis, American writer and humorist (b. 1878).
  • 1939 – Chick Webb, American drummer (b.1905).
  • 1940: DuBose Heyward, American writer (b. 1885).
  • 1940: Ray Strachey, British essayist, biographer and suffragette (b. 1887).
  • 1944: Marc Bloch, French historian (b. 1886).
  • 1945: Aris Velujiotis, Greek military man (b.1905).
  • 1952: Carlos Alberto Leumann, Argentine journalist and poet (b. 1886).
  • 1958: José Pablo Moncayo, Mexican composer and conductor (b. 1912).
  • 1958: Imre Nagy, Hungarian Prime Minister (b.1895).
  • 1959: George Reeves, American actor (b.1914).
  • 1963: John Cowper Powys, British novelist, essayist and poet.
  • 1967: Reginald Denny, British actor (b.1891).
  • 1969: Harold Alexander, British serviceman (b. 1891).
  • 1970 – Sydney Chapman, British mathematician and geophysicist (b. 1888).
  • 1976: Hector Pieterson (b. 1963) and 565 other South African students victims of state terrorism.
  • 1977: Wernher von Braun, German engineer and physicist (b.1912).
  • 1979: Nicholas Ray, American filmmaker (b.1911).
  • 1982: James Honeyman-Scott, British guitarist, of the band The Pretenders (b. 1956).
  • 1986: Maurice Duruflé, French organist and composer (b.1902).
  • 1986: Luisa Sala, Spanish theater actress (b. 1923).
  • 1988: Miguel Piñero, Puerto Rican actor and framaturge (b. 1946).
  • 1989: Antonio Román, Spanish filmmaker (b.1911).
  • 1990: Gertrude Baniszewski, American criminal (b.1929).
  • 1990: Eva Turner, British opera singer (b.1892).
  • 1992: Fernando González Bernáldez, Spanish ecologist (b. 1933).
  • 1994: Kristen Pfaff, American bassist ((b.1967).
  • 1996: Mel Allen, American sportscaster (b.1913).
  • 1996: Jorge Toriello Garrido, revolutionary civil leader of Guatemala (b. 1908).
  • 1999: “Screaming Lord” Sutch (David Sutch, 58), British singer-songwriter and politician (b. 1940).
  • 2000: Kojun, Japanese empress (b.1903).
  • 2003: Pierre Bourgault, Québec politician (b.1934).
  • 2003: Georg Henrik von Wright, Finnish philosopher (b.1916).
  • 2004: Thanom Kittikachorn, military man, and Thai dictator between 1963 and 1973 (b.1912).
  • 2005: Enrique Laguerre, Puerto Rican writer (b.1906).
  • 2008: Mario Rigoni Stern, Italian writer (b.1921).
  • 2010: Ronald Neame, British filmmaker (b.1911).
  • 2011: José «Carrao» Bracho, Venezuelan baseball player (b. 1928).
  • 2011: Carles Navales, Spanish trade unionist (b.1952).
  • 2011: Östen Mäkitalo, Swedish engineer (b.1938).
  • 2012: Nayef bin Abdelaziz, Saudi prince (b.1934).
  • 2012: Susan Tyrrell, American actress (b.1945).
  • 2013: Ottmar Walter, German footballer (b.1924).
  • 2014: Tony Gwynn, American baseball player (b.1960).
  • 2014: Bernarda Seitz, nun, writer, cook and Argentine television presenter (b. 1927).
  • 2017: Helmut Kohl, German politician and Chancellor of Germany between 1982 and 1998 (b.1930).
  • 2017: John G. Avildsen, American film director (b.1935)
  • 2018: Gennadi Rozhdéstvenski, Russian conductor (b.1931).

What is Celebrated “A Day as Today”?

A Day as Today - Celebrations - Dorian's Secrets
What is Celebrated “A Day as Today”? / Image Credit: Sakkanan Norkaew

June 16 – A Day as Today – Celebration

  • Bloomsday: in honor of Leopold Bloom, protagonist of the novel Ulysses by the writer James Joyce.
  • International Day of Solidarity with the Struggling People of South Africa.
  • International Day of Family Remittances
  • International Day of the African Child.
  • South Africa: Youth Day.
  • Argentina: Engineer’s Day, Biotechnology Day
  • Panama: National Day of the Troubadour and Poet of the Panamanian Tenth (Decree No. 73, of November 6, 1989).

Catholic Santoral “A Day as Today”

A Day as Today - Saints - Dorian's Secrets
Catholic Santoral “A Day as Today” / Image Credit: Peter H

June 16 – A Day as Today – Catholic Santoral

  • Saints Quirico and Julita, martyrs.
  • Saints Ferreol and Ferrucio de Besançon, martyrs (4th century)
  • Saint Similian of Nantes, bishop (4th century).
  • Saint Ticón de Amatonte, bishop (5th century).
  • Saints Aureo of Mainz, bishop, Justina, and companions, martyrs (5th century).
  • Saint Aurelian of Lyon, Bishop of Arles (551).
  • Blessed Cecardo de Carrara, Bishop of Luni and Sarzana (860).
  • Saint Benedict of Meissen, Bishop (c. 1106).
  • Saint Lutgarda de Aywières, virgin (1246).
  • Blessed Thomas Reding, martyr (1537).
  • Blessed Antonio Constante Auriel, priest and martyr (1794).
  • Saints Domingo Nguyen, Domingo Nhi, Domingo Mao, Vicente Tuong and Andrés Tuong, martyrs (1862).
  • Blessed Maria Teresa Scherer (Ana Maria Catalina), virgin (1888).

What Sign of the Zodiac Rules those Born “A Day as Today”?

A Day as Today - Zodiac - Dorian's Secrets
Prediction your zodiac sign with Dorian / Image Credit: p2722754

June 16 – A Day as Today – Zodiac Sign

♊ Gemini:

The Last Ephemeris of the Week:

June 27 – A Day as Today
A Day as Today: Events, Births, Commemorations and more …
June 26 – A Day as Today
A Day as Today: Events, Births, Commemorations and more …
June 20 – A Day as Today
A Day as Today: Events, Births, Commemorations and more …
June 19 – A Day as Today
A Day as Today: Events, Births, Commemorations and more …
June 18 – A Day as Today
A Day as Today: Events, Births, Commemorations and more …
June 17 – A Day as Today
A Day as Today: Events, Births, Commemorations and more …
June 15 – A Day as Today
A Day as Today: Events, Births, Commemorations and more …

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