March 1 – A Day as Today – Dorian’s Secrets
Table of Contents:
In the Gregorian Calendar, March 1 is the 60th
(sixtieth) day of the year.
There are 305 days left until the end of 2021!
Quote of the Day…
The experience does not consist in what has been lived, but in what has been reflected.
— José María de Pereda
Events that Happened “A Day as Today”
March 1 – A Day as Today – Events
- 752 a. C .: Romulus, the legendary first king of Rome, celebrates the first Roman triumph after defeating the Chenins, who had come to recover their women after the abduction of the Sabine women.
- 509 a. C .: in Rome, the victory in the Battle of Silva Arsia is celebrated between the republican forces and the remnants of the monarchy.
- 86 a. C .: Siege of Athens. The Roman general Sulla defeats the tyrant Aristion.
- 138 d. C .: in Gansu Province (China, 35.8, 103.5) there is an earthquake of magnitude 6.8 on the Richter seismological scale (intensity of IX on the Mercalli scale). The number of victims is unknown.
- 293: the Tetrarchy begins in the Roman Empire with the proclamation of Constantius I and Galerius as Caesars.
- 317: at Campus Ardiensis (present-day Haskovo province, Bulgaria) the Western Roman Emperor Constantine I (272-337) defeats the Eastern Roman Emperor Licinius (250-325) and orders him to execute his Roman co-emperor Valens.
- 350: in Rome, Constantine – sister of Constantius II – asks the military Vetranius to proclaim himself emperor of Rome.
- 710: Rodrigo, Visigothic king, is anointed monarch in Spain after Witiza’s death.
- 834: Ludovico Pío regains the throne of the Frankish Kingdom and overthrows the usurper Ebbo.
- 1476: Fernando II defeats the supporters of the royal appointment of Juana la Beltraneja in Toro.
- 1493: the caravel La Pinta docks in the port of Bayona (Pontevedra province) (Spain) on its way back from America. The first news of the success of the expedition of Christopher Columbus was given.
- 1565: in present-day Brazil, Estácio de Sá founds the village of Rio de Janeiro.
- 1711: the first issue of The Spectator, the first daily newspaper publication in that country, comes out in England.
- 1712: in Madrid (Spain) the National Library opens to the public.
- 1756: The regular postal service is established in Cuba.
- 1783: in Philadelphia (Calabria) at 1:40 a.m. the fourth earthquake occurs (of a series of five, in 50 days) with an estimated magnitude of 5.9 on the Richter scale. The next and last earthquake will be on March 28. In total, the five earthquakes will leave a toll of about 50,000 victims.
- 1799: The combined Russian and Turkish squad takes Corfu and a few more islands in the Ionian Sea from the French.
- 1802: The School of Medicine is inaugurated in Buenos Aires.
- 1806: Maximiliano José I, King of Bavaria, institutes the order of Maximiliano José.
- 1808: Napoleon Bonaparte creates the so-called “imperial nobility”, made up of Army generals.
- 1815: in Spain the first stagecoach system is established, linking Reus and Barcelona in eleven and a half hours.
- 1815: Napoleon returns to France from his exile on the Isle of Elba. The period known as the Hundred Days begins.
- 1828: the Guatemalan army defeats the Salvadoran in the Battle of Chalchuapa.
- 1854: The Ayutla Plan is written in Mexico, which criticizes the conservatism of President Antonio López de Santa Anna and calls for the creation of a Constituent Congress that redefines national life. This declaration will lead to a pronouncement and the creation of a provisional government.
- 1866: During the Second French intervention in Mexico, the Mexican troops under the command of General Andrés S. Viesca, defeat the imperialist troops in the Battle of Santa Isabel, near Parras, Coahuila.
- 1867: the state of Nebraska becomes part of the United States.
- 1870: in Paraguay, with the assassination of Paraguayan President Francisco Solano López, the War of the Triple Alliance formed by Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay ended.
- 1871: in France, Napoleon III is deposed as emperor.
- 1872 – Yellowstone National Park becomes the world’s first national park.
- 1879: the first steam tram between Barcelona and San Andrés de Palomar enters into operation in Spain.
- 1879: Bolivia declares war on Chile, the War of the Pacific begins.
- 1886: the Gimnàstic Club is founded in the Café del Center in Tarragona (Spain).
- 1893: the National Institute of Meteorology draws up the first Spanish “weather map” and the corresponding daily meteorological bulletins.
- 1896: the French physicist Henri Becquerel, discovers a new property of matter: radioactivity.
- 1896: Menelik II’s Ethiopian troops crush the Italian colonial army at the Battle of Adua, marking the end of Italian imperialism in Africa.
- 1900: a British squad is equipped with wireless telegraphy.
- 1900: in Barcelona (Spain) the theatrical work El patio, by the Álvarez Quintero Brothers, is premiered.
- 1901: the first partial section of the Elberfeld elevated railway (now Wuppertal) enters service in Germany.
- 1903: in Murcia (Spain) the newspaper La Verdad goes on sale for the first time.
- 1910: in the National Institute of Prevision (Madrid) the project of insurance for workers is presented.
- 1912: Albert Berry jumps out of an airplane to test the first parachute.
- 1914: the ROC enters the Universal Postal Union.
- 1915: a battalion of women is formed in England to fight in the First World War.
- 1917: The Gregorian calendar is introduced in the Ottoman Empire.
- 1919: Koreans demonstrate (March 1 Movement) in favor of national independence; As an example, the Japanese invaders kill 7,000 people and arrest another 200,000.
- 1919: the first fascist battle groups are founded in Italy.
- 1920: the Japanese Parliament is dissolved.
- 1923: the Franco-Belgian occupation authorities threaten the death penalty to those who sabotage the means of transport in the Ruhr area.
- 1924: discovery of the Glozel Tablets.
- 1924: in China, communists are admitted to the Kuomintang.
- 1925: the Spanish Directory agrees to create the Directorate of Supplies.
- 1932: the 20-month-old son of aviator Charles Lindbergh is kidnapped in the United States. A German-born carpenter named Bruno Hauptmann will be sentenced to death, but his innocence will later be discovered.
- 1933: in Barcelona (Spain) the houses of the Casa Bloc are inaugurated.
- 1934: in Manchuria the Emperor of Manchukuo, Puyi, who until now was the president, is crowned.
- 1935: on behalf of the League of Nations, the Baron of Aloisi officially transfers the territory of the Saar to Germany.
- 1935: attempted coup in Greece under the leadership of former President of the Council, Eleftherios Venizelos.
- 1935: the annexation of the Saar to Germany becomes official.
- 1936: Lluís Companys returns to Barcelona to take charge of the Government of the Generalitat.
- 1937: in Salamanca (Spain), the ambassadors of Italy and Germany present their credentials to the dictator Franco.
- 1937: warm reception in Moscow for Rafael Alberti and María Teresa León.
- 1939: Due to the resignation of Manuel Azaña, Diego Martínez Barrio passes, by virtue of the constitutional precept, to occupy the presidency of the Second Spanish Republic.
- 1940: Catalan President Lluís Companys organizes the National Council of Catalonia in France.
- 1940: inauguration in the Palais de Chaillot (Paris) of the Salon des Indépendants.
- 1940: official opening of the Madrid Stock Exchange.
- 1940: in Spain, the Franco dictatorship dictates a law for the repression of Freemasonry, Communism and other movements “that sow dissolving ideas against religion, the Homeland and social harmony.”
- 1941: Bulgaria accedes to the Tripartite Pact.
- 1943: General Alfredo Baldomir hands over the presidency of the Republic of Uruguay to Juan José de Amézaga, and the new Constitution, approved in a plebiscite on November 29, 1942, enters into force.
- 1943 – The British Royal Air Force systematically bombed European railway lines.
- 1943: the Union of Polish Patriots is founded in Moscow.
- 1946: the monarchy triumphs by a large majority in the plebiscite held in Greece. George II announces his return to Athens.
- 1947: the International Monetary Fund (IMF) begins its operations.
- 1947: the city of Trinidad (Bolivia) disappears under the waters, due to the overflow of the Mamoré River.
- 1947: Tomás Berreta assumes the presidency of Uruguay.
- 1948: the last British invading troops are withdrawn in India.
- 1948: in Vietnam, the Saigon-Dalat convoy is attacked by the Vietminh with the result of 150 deaths.
- 1948: The United States announces parliamentary elections in South Korea.
- 1950: Chilean President González Videla forms a new Government, with representatives of the Radical, Conservative, Falangist and Democratic parties.
- 1950: in Finland, President Juho Kusti Paasikivi begins his second term.
- 1950: In the framework of the Cold War, Klaus Fuchs is convicted of spying for the Soviet Union and communicating secret information about the atomic bomb.
- 1953: the Air Tour to Spain begins, lasting 3 days and covering 2,140 km.
- 1953: Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke; he will pass away four days later.
- 1954: In Bikini Atoll (Marshall Islands, in the middle of the Pacific Ocean), at 6:45 a.m. (local time) (18:45 on February 28, according to world time), the United States detonates the bomb Castle Bravo hydrogen, 15 megatons. The radioactive fallout contaminates the crew of the Japanese fishing vessel Lucky Dragon Five (of which one of them will die six months later) and the American soldiers themselves. In comparison, the Soviet Tsar Bomb (from 1961, the most powerful in human history) was 50 megatons, and the Little Boy (launched in 1945 on the civilian population of Hiroshima) was 0.016 megatons.
- 1954: in Sudan, after the inaugural session of the first Parliament, riots broke out between autonomists and supporters of annexation to Egypt, causing 100 deaths.
- 1954: in Sudan (invaded by the United Kingdom) the British governor proclaims a state of exception for the events in that country.
- 1954: In the United States, four Puerto Rican nationalists shoot five members of the House of Representatives.
- 1955: At the Nevada Test Site, the United States detonates its 7-kiloton Tesla atomic bomb. It is the 54th bomb out of 1,132 that the United States detonated between 1945 and 1992.
- 1958: in Greece the cabinet of Konstantinos Karamanlis resigns.
- 1958: in Cuba, the dictator Batista rejects a call from the Catholic bishops to establish a Government of national union.
- 1958: in Uruguay, Carlos Fischer takes over the presidency of the National Council.
- 1958: in the Gulf of İzmit ― about 100 km east of Istanbul (Turkey), the Turkish passenger ship Üsküdar sinks. At least 300 people die.
- 1959: Archbishop Makarios, a fighter for the independence of Cyprus, returns to the country after three years in exile.
- 1961: in Guatemala, the Guatemalan Labor Party denounces that the Government of John F. Kennedy (of the United States) trains mercenaries in the town of Retalhuleu to attack Cuba.
- 1962: in the west of France a network of the terrorist group OAS (Organization of the Secret Army) is dismantled.
- 1966: the Soviet probe Venera 3 hits Venus, being the first spacecraft to hit the surface of another planet.
- 1966: the Soviet Union launches the lunar probe Cosmos 111, which will fail in its objective of making a soft landing.
- 1967: the Ecuavisa television channel, the second television channel in that country, is founded in Ecuador.
- 1967: Óscar Diego Gestido assumes the presidency of the Republic.
- 1970: in Austria, the Socialist Party achieves a wide victory in the legislative elections.
- 1971: in the Capitol of the city of Washington (United States), the left group Weatherman (“the meteorologist”) sets off a bomb in a public bathroom, “in protest of the American invasion in Laos.”
- 1972: the Constitution of the International Civil Protection Organization (O.I.P.C.) enters into force as an intergovernmental organization that is commemorated annually as the International Civil Protection Day.
- 1972: in Madrid (Spain) the Third International Theater Festival is inaugurated.
- 1972: in Uruguay, Juan María Bordaberry assumes the presidency of the Republic.
- 1973: the medical use of X-rays in the Federal Republic of Germany is regulated by law.
- 1973: in Nicaragua, the first edition of the newspaper La Prensa circulated after the Managua earthquake of December 23 of the previous year with the historical headlines “In 30 seconds only Hiroshima and Managua” and “An essay of the Final Judgment”, with which compares the destruction of Managua with the terrorist attacks in Hiroshima and Nagasaki (Japan), by the American atomic bombs in 1945.
- 1974: in the United States, seven of the most intimate collaborators of President Richard Nixon, are accused of participating in the Watergate scandal.
- 1976: off Norway the Deep Sea Driller oil platform sinks and six people die.
- 1978: in the cemetery of Vevey (Switzerland), vandals rob the coffin of Charlie Chaplin.
- 1979: in Spain, the Union of the Democratic Center (UCD) wins the first legislative elections held after the promulgation of the Constitution, with 34.3% of the votes.
- 1979: in Spain, the terrorist group ETA frees Luis Abaitúa (director of the Michelin company).
- 1980: The Voyager 1 space probe discovers the Janus satellite, which orbits Saturn.
- 1983: the Autonomy Statute enters into force in the Community of Madrid.
- 1984: in the Persian Gulf, in the framework of the Iran-Iraq War, the naval and air forces of Iraq destroy seven Iranian ships.
- 1985: democracy is restored in Uruguay with the assumption of Julio María Sanguinetti as president.
- 1986: in Mexico, the Monterrey Soccer Club wins its first championship in the First Division of Mexico.
- 1986: in Spain, Gerardo Fernández Albor takes over as president of the Junta de Galicia.
- 1986: Barcelona officially presents its Olympic bid.
- 1987: A meeting of UN experts confirms in New York that a hole is opening in the ozone layer above Antarctica.
- 1988: In North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany) an experiment with methadone is started, which is supplied free of charge to heroin addicts.
- 1990: In the United States, the United States Secret Service registers the electronic games company Steve Jackson Games (because one of its employees was an active hacker) putting it on the brink of bankruptcy. This will generate the creation of the non-profit organization Fundación Fronteras Electrónicas, which fights for the rights of freedom of expression in the digital age.
- 1990: in Uruguay, Luis Alberto Lacalle assumes the presidency.
- 1990: the Ramon Llull University, the first private university in Catalonia, is created in Spain.
- 1990: in Antarctica, the Juan Carlos I Antarctic Base is expanded with four more modules.
- 1991: the Constitutional Court of Spain requires the Catalan language for officials of the Generalitat of Catalonia.
- 1991: the king of Thailand, Bhumibol Adulyadej, approves the constitutional reform, the first step towards replacing the martial power established in the country after the recent coup d’état.
- 1991: In the coal basins of the Soviet Union, 28,000 miners strike for higher wages.
- 1992: in Bosnia-Herzegovina, about 64% of the population pronounces in a referendum in favor of independence from Yugoslavia.
- 1992: in the Republic of Montenegro, 60% of the citizens vote in a referendum in favor of the formation with Serbia of a new Yugoslavia.
- 1994: in Munich, Germany, the grunge band Nirvana performs their last recital.
- 1994: the Europe of the Fifteen is born. Sweden, Austria and Finland join as new members of the European Union.
- 1994: a new Penal Code comes into force in France, replacing the Napoleonic one of 1810.
- 1995: The United Nations Organization ends its failed two-year peacekeeping mission in Somalia.
- 1995: in Uruguay, Julio María Sanguinetti assumes the presidency for the second time.
- 1998: in Cartagena (Colombia) 500 representatives of governmental and international entities related to children’s rights meet to discuss family violence, war, work and sexual exploitation suffered by millions of children in Latin America.
- 1998: the Social Democrat Gerhard Schröder wins the regional elections in Lower Saxony and runs as Helmut Kohl’s main rival in the fight for the Federal Chancellery for the September 27 elections.
- 1998: in Colombia, a mobile brigade of 120 soldiers is ambushed by the FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia), where 10 soldiers officially lose their lives.
- 1998: The movie Titanic becomes the first to make a profit of US $ 1 billion.
- 1999: the Ottawa Treaty on the prohibition of landmines enters into force, after being ratified by 65 countries.
- 1999: the New Europe political movement is created in the United Kingdom. Its members describe themselves as pro-European, but opposed, to losing the pound sterling in favor of the euro.
- 2000: Russia accepts an international presence to investigate crimes in Chechnya.
- 2000: in Uruguay, Jorge Batlle assumes the presidency.
- 2000: in Finland, Tarja Halonen takes over the presidency.
- 2001: in Guadalajara, Mexico, Francisco Javier Ramírez Acuña assumes the position of governor of the state of Jalisco.
- 2001: In Afghanistan, the Taliban regime destroys the Buddhas of Bāmiyān carved in the mountains during the 3rd and 4th centuries.
- 2002: in Spain the coexistence between the euro and the peseta ends, the former remaining as the only legal tender.
- 2002: the Belgian Government, made up of Liberals, Socialists and Greens, approves a bill that provides for the phased closure of all its nuclear power plants.
- 2002: launch of the European Earth observation satellite Envisat.
- 2003: Iraq complies with UN requirements and begins destroying its Al Samud 2 missiles.
- 2003: Pakistani police and the FBI capture Khalid Sheikh Mohamed in Rawalpindi, Osama Bin Laden’s henchman, considered one of the “brains” of the 9/11 attacks.
- 2004: The Iraqi Provisional Governing Council agrees on a “Law for the Administration of the Iraqi State during the Transitional Period”.
- 2004: Spanish scientists demonstrate that the oxidation caused by ecstasy (MDMA) in the molecules of the neuronal membrane is the cause of brain damage that originates in addicts.
- 2004: a team of French and Swiss astronomers locates, with the European VTL telescopes, the most distant galaxy known: Abell 1835 IR1916, which is located 13.23 billion light years away.
- 2004: National Geographic magazine published the end of work on the first unified map of the seismic hazard of Europe and the Mediterranean.
- 2004 – The United States National Science Foundation reports the discovery of the fossilized remains of two hitherto unknown species of dinosaurs, one carnivore and the other herbivore, in Antarctica.
- 2004: Madrid has the lowest temperature on a day in March in the last 105 years: -5 ° C, in El Retiro.
- 2004: an FAO report concludes that starvation threatens the lives of more than 800 million people in 36 countries, 23 of them in Africa.
- 2004: The first evidence was published that brain insulin disturbances are related to Alzheimer’s disease.
- 2005: in Uruguay, Tabaré Vázquez assumes the presidency of the Republic for the first time, being the first left-wing government in the country’s history.
- 2006: Wikipedia in English publishes its one millionth article.
- 2007: the Spanish Ministry of the Interior decides to apply the attenuated prison to the ETA prisoner Iñaki de Juana Chaos, taking into account his serious state of health, after 114 days of hunger strike.
- 2007: In Guadalajara, Mexico Emilio González Márquez protests as governor of the state of Jalisco
- 2008: A diplomatic crisis breaks out in Colombia with Ecuador and Venezuela after the death of alias Raúl Reyes, a member of the Colombian guerrilla secretariat of the FARC.
- 2010: in Uruguay, José Mujica assumes the presidency.
- 2011: Municipal club Liberia is expelled from the Costa Rican First Division due to economic instability.
- 2012: in Finland, Sauli Niinistö takes over the presidency.
- 2013: In Guadalajara, Mexico Aristóteles Sandoval assumes the position of governor of the state of Jalisco
- 2014: in the train station of the city of Kunming – capital of the province of Yunnan (China) -, a group of eight Muslim men of the Uighur ethnic group stab dozens of people, killing 29 (Kunming attack in 2014) .
- 2015: in Uruguay, Tabaré Vázquez assumes the presidency of the Republic for the second time.
- 2017: in Colombia, the guerrilla of the FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) begins before the UN (United Nations Organization) the process of laying down their weapons, 2 as a consequence of the Peace Agreement signed between the Colombian State and that guerrilla .
- 2019: in Uruguay, Julio María Sanguinetti announces that he will be a pre-candidate for the presidency of the Republic for the Colorado Party.
- 2020: in Uruguay, Luis Lacalle Pou assumes the presidency of the Republic, ending 15 years of a left-wing government.
Who was Born “A Day as Today”?
March 1 – A Day as Today – Births
40: Marco Valerio Marcial, Hispano-Roman poet, born in Calatayud (f. 102).
757: Hisham I, second independent emir of Al-Andalus (d. 796).
1105: Alfonso VII, King of Galicia (1111-1157), of León (1126-1157) and of Castile (1127-1157) (d. 1157).
1389: Antoninus of Florence, archbishop and Italian saint (d. 1459).
1432: Isabella of Coimbra, Portuguese queen (d. 1455).
1444: Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter (d. 1510).
1456: Vladislaus II, King of Bohemia and Hungary (d. 1516).
1547: Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (d. 1628).
1585: Jean de Saint-Bonnet, French Marshal (d. 1636).
1597: Jean-Charles de la Faille, Belgian mathematician (d. 1652).
1683: Carolina of Brandenburg-Ansbach, British queen consort (d. 1737).
1760: François Buzot, French lawyer and politician (d. 1794).
1768: Pedro Coudrin, French priest (d. 1837).
1769: François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers, French general (d. 1796).
1781: Javiera Carrera, prominent patriot during the independence of Chile and daughter of Ignacio de la Carrera (f. 1862).
1792: Rudecindo Alvarado, Argentine military man (d. 1872).
1798: Maria Clementina of Austria, Austrian aristocrat (d. 1881).
1804: Franz Hanfstaengl, German painter (d. 1877).
1807 – Wilford Woodruff, American Mormon leader (d. 1898).
1810: Frédéric Chopin, Polish composer and pianist (d. 1849).
1812 – Augustus Pugin, British architect (d. 1852).
1835: Rosendo García-Ramos y Bretillard, Spanish scientist and archaeologist (d. 1913).
1837: William Dean Howells, American writer, playwright and critic (d. 1920).
1842: Nikolaos Gyzis, Greek painter (d. 1901).
1842: Fermín Salvochea, Spanish anarchist (d. 1907).
1848: Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Irish sculptor (d. 1907).
1852: Théophile Delcassé, French statesman (d. 1923).
1858: Georg Simmel, German philosopher, sociologist and essayist (d. 1918).
1859: Charles Lummis, American writer and explorer (d. 1928).
1863: Alexandre Golovin, Russian painter (d. 1930).
1863: Fiódor Sologub, Russian poet and novelist (d. 1927).
1867: Ángel Ayala, Spanish priest (d. 1960).
1868: Sofia Chotek, German aristocrat (d. 1914).
1868: Achille Paroche, French marksman (d. 1933).
1876: Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian aristocrat and sports leader (d. 1942).
1879: Robert Daniel Carmichael, American mathematician (d. 1967).
1880: Giles Lytton Strachey British writer (d. 1932).
1883: Fumio Asakura, Japanese sculptor (d. 1964).
1886: Oskar Kokoschka, Austrian artist (d. 1980).
1890: Benito Quinquela Martín, Argentine painter (d. 1977).
1892: Ryunosuke Akutagawa, Japanese writer (d. 1927).
1893: Mercedes de Acosta, American poet and screenwriter (d. 1968).
1896: Dimitri Mitrópulos, Greek composer (d. 1960).
1896: Moriz Seeler, German playwright and producer (d. 1942).
1898: Ramón Gómez Cornet, Argentine painter (d. 1964).
1899: Alfredo Mario Ferreiro, Uruguayan writer (d. 1959).
1899: Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski, Nazi officer (d. 1972).
1902: Carlos de Haya González, Spanish aviator (d. 1938).
1904: Glenn Miller, American composer and trombonist, of the Glenn Miller Orchestra (d. 1944).
1906: Pham Van Dong, Vietnamese politician and military man, 2nd Prime Minister (d. 2000).
1909: Eugene Esmonde, British pilot and military man (d. 1942).
1909: Rosa Graña Garland, Peruvian designer (d. 2003).
1910: Mapy Cortés, Puerto Rican actress and dancer (f. 1998).
1910: Juan de Dios Guevara, Peruvian chemist (d. 2000).
1910: David Niven, British actor (d. 1983).
1910: Archer John Porter Martin, British chemist and academic, 1952 Nobel Prize Winner (d. 2002).
1911: Rina Ketty, French-Italian singer (d. 1996).
1914: Ralph Ellison, American writer and critic (d. 1994).
1914: Carlos Moyano Llerena, Argentine lawyer and economist (d. 2005).
1915ː Zulfiya Isroilova, Uzbek writer (d. 1996)
1916: Bernardo Gandulla, Argentine soccer player (d. 1999).
1917: Robert Lowell, American poet and academic (d. 1977).
1918: Roger Delgado, British actor (d. 1973).
1918: João Goulart, Brazilian politician and lawyer, president of his country (f. 1976).
1920: Howard Nemerov, American poet (d. 1991).
1921: Jack Clayton, British actor and filmmaker (d. 1995).
1921: Terence Cardinal Cooke, American Catholic Archbishop (d. 1983).
1921: Richard Wilbur, American poet, translator, and academic (d. 2017).
1922: Néstor Luján, Spanish journalist and gastronomer (d. 1995).
1922: Isaac Rabin, Israeli military, politician and prime minister (1974-1977 and 1992-1995), Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1994 (d. 1995).
1922: Fred Scolari, American basketball player (d. 2002).
1924: Deke Slayton, American astronaut (d. 1993).
1925: Martín Chirino, Spanish sculptor (d. 2019).
1926: Allan Stanley, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 2013).
1927: Vinicio Adames, Venezuelan musician (d. 1976).
1927: Harry Belafonte, American singer, songwriter and actor.
1927: Robert Bork, American judge and professor (d. 2012).
1927: Héctor Gance, Argentine actor (d. 2015).
1927: Salvador Pániker, Spanish thinker and writer (d. 2017).
1928: Jacques Rivette, French film director (d. 2016).
1929: Georgi Markov, Bulgarian dissident (d. 1978).
1929: José Ángel Sánchez Asiaín, Spanish banker (d. 2016).
1930: Ricardo González, Argentine boxer.
1930: Gastone Nencini, Italian cyclist (d. 1980).
1931: Juan Iglesias Marcelo, Spanish politician.
1934: Joan Hackett, American actress (d. 1983).
1935: Robert Conrad, American actor (d. 2020).
1936: Jean-Edern Hallier, French writer (d. 1997).
1939: Leo Brouwer, Cuban musician, guitarist, conductor and composer.
1941: Robert Hass, American poet and academic.
1942: Jerry Fisher, American singer, of the band Blood, Sweat & Tears.
1943: Felipe Alcaraz, Spanish politician.
1943: Gil Amelio, American businessman.
1943: Ana María Giunta, Argentine actress (d. 2015).
1943: José Ángel Iribar, Spanish footballer.
1943: Akinori Nakayama, Japanese gymnast and coach
1943: Rashid Sunyaev, Russian physicist and astronomer.
1944: Roger Daltrey, British singer, of the band The Who.
1945: Dirk Benedict, American actor.
1945: Uriarte, Spanish footballer (d. 2016).
1946: Gerry Boulet, Canadian author, performer and composer (d. 1990).
1946: Wilver Calle Girón, Peruvian military man.
1947: Alan Thicke, Canadian actor and lyricist (d. 2016).
1948: Burning Spear, Jamaican musician and singer.
1949: Ángel Gabilondo Pujol, Spanish philosopher and politician.
1949: Carlos Soria, Argentine politician (d. 2012).
1951: Sergei Kurdakov, Soviet agent of the KGB (d. 1973).
1951: Debra Fischer, American astronomer.
1952: Martin O’Neill, British coach.
1952: Norberto Díaz, Argentine actor (d. 2010).
1952: Brian Winters, American basketball player and coach.
1953: José Higueras, Spanish tennis player.
1953: Carlos Queiroz, Portuguese soccer player and coach.
1954: Catherine Bach, American actress.
1954: Carles Benavent, Spanish musician.
1954: Lorraine Hunt Lieberson, American mezzo-soprano (d. 2006).
1954: Ron Howard, American filmmaker, producer, screenwriter and actor.
1955: Clara Sánchez, Spanish writer.
1955: Denis Mukwege, Congolese gynecologist, Nobel Peace Prize winner in 2018.
1956: Tim Daly, American actor.
1956: Dalia Grybauskaitė, Lithuanian politician.
1958: Aníbal Ibarra, Argentine politician.
1958: Nik Kershaw, British composer and guitarist.
1958: Bertrand Piccard, Swiss psychiatrist.
1959: Nick Griffin, British politician.
1961: David Cantero, Spanish presenter.
1962: Silvina Chediek, Argentine journalist and television host.
1962: Russell Coutts, New Zealand navigator.
1963: Rob Affuso, American drummer for the band Skid Row.
1963: Thomas Anders, German singer, of the band Modern Talking.
1963: Antonio Castillo, Venezuelan baseball player.
1964: Paul Le Guen, French footballer and coach.
1964: Luis Medina Cantalejo, Spanish soccer referee.
1964: Pedro Saborido, Argentine producer and screenwriter.
1965: Robert Huffman, American professional wrestler.
1965: Booker T, American wrestler.
1966: Zack Snyder, American director, screenwriter and producer.
1967: George Eads, American actor.
1967: Abu Nidal, Palestinian terrorist (f. 2002).
1967: Aron Winter, Dutch footballer.
1969: Javier Bardem, Spanish actor.
1970: Manuel García, Chilean singer-songwriter.
1970: María Fernanda Heredia, Ecuadorian writer.
1970: Serena Armstrong-Jones, British aristocrat.
1971: Thomas Adès, British pianist, conductor and composer.
1971: Tyler Hamilton, American cyclist.
1971: Brad Falchuk, American screenwriter and director.
1973: Jack Davenport, British actor.
1973: Ryan Peake, Canadian guitarist, of the band Nickelback.
1973: Carlo Resoort, Dutch DJ.
1973: Chris Webber, American basketball player.
1974: Mark-Paul Gosselaar, American actor.
1975: Tate Stevens, American singer and guitarist.
1975: Valentina Monetta, singer from San Marino.
1977: Esther Cañadas, Spanish model.
1978: Jensen Ackles, American actor.
1978: Donovan Patton, American actor.
1979: Éowyn, American singer.
1979: Mikkel Kessler, Danish boxer.
1979: Bruno Langlois, Canadian cyclist,
1979: Magüi Serna, Spanish tennis player.
1980: Shahid Afridi, Pakistani cricket player.
1980: Gennaro Bracigliano, French footballer.
1980: Djimi Traoré, Malian footballer.
1980: Kase-O, Spanish MC.
1981: Will Power, Australian racing driver.
1982: Juan Manuel Ortiz, Spanish footballer.
1983: Daniel Carvalho, Brazilian soccer player.
1983: Lupita Nyong’o, Mexican-Kenyan actress.
1983: Davey Richards, American wrestler.
1984: Claudio Bieler, Argentine footballer.
1984: Patrick Helmes, German footballer.
1984: Naima Mora, American model.
1985: Andreas Ottl, German footballer.
1986: Ayumu Goromaru, Japanese rugby player.
1986: Big E Langston, American professional wrestler.
1986: Jonathan Spector, American footballer.
1987: Sammie, American singer.
1987: Kesha, American singer and songwriter.
1989: Emma, Australian professional wrestler.
1989: Emeraude Toubia, Canadian actress, presenter, model and beauty queen of Mexican descent.
1989: Daniella Monet, American actress.
1989: Carlos Vela, Mexican soccer player.
1990: Harry Eden, British actor.
1993: Josh McEachran, British footballer.
1993: Won Ho, South Korean singer, lyricist, composer, producer and dancer, member of the South Korean group Monsta X.
1993: Lucas Melano, Argentine footballer.
1994: Justin Bieber, Canadian singer and songwriter.
1994: Tyreek Hill, American football player.
1996: Ye Shiwen, Chinese swimmer.
2000: Ava Allan, American model and actress.
Who Left Us “A Day as Today”?
March 1 – A Day as Today – Deaths
- 589: Saint David, Welsh religious, patron of that country (b. 500).
- 965: Leo VIII, Italian pope.
- 991: En’yū Tennō, Japanese emperor (b. 959).
- 1131: Stephen II, Hungarian King (b. 1101).
- 1233: Thomas I of Savoy, French aristocrat (b. 1178).
- 1383: Amadeus VI of Savoy, French aristocrat (b.1334).
- 1510: Francisco de Almeida, Portuguese soldier and explorer (b.1450).
- 1536: Bernardo Accolti, Italian poet (b.1465).
- 1620: Thomas Campion, English poet and composer (b. 1567).
- 1633: George Herbert, English poet, orator and priest (b. 1593).
- 1643: Girolamo Frescobaldi, Italian composer and pianist (b. 1583).
- 1697: Francesco Redi, Italian physicist (b.1626).
- 1768: Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer (b. 1694).
- 1773: Luigi Vanvitelli, Italian architect (b. 1700).
- 1777: Georg Christoph Wagenseil, Austrian composer (b. 1715).
- 1792: Leopold II of Austria, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1747).
- 1793: Ramón Bayeu, Spanish painter (b. 1746).
- 1833: Maurice Mathieu, French general (b. 1768).
- 1841: Claude-Victor Perrin, French Marshal (b. 1764).
- 1862: Peter Barlow, British mathematician (b. 1776).
- 1863: Manuel María de Llano, Mexican physician, politician and journalist (b. 1799).
- 1870: Francisco Solano López, Paraguayan president (b. 1824).
- 1875: Tristan Corbière, French poet (b.1845).
- 1882: Theodor Kullak, German pianist and composer (b. 1818).
- 1884: Isaac Todhunter, British mathematician (b. 1820).
- 1895: Pauline Musters, Dutch dwarf (b.1876).
- 1904: Augusto González de Linares, Spanish geologist (b. 1845).
- 1906: José María de Pereda, Spanish novelist (b. 1833).
- 1907 – August Manns, German conductor (b.1825).
- 1910: José Domingo de Obaldia, Panamanian politician and president between 1908 and 1910 (b. 1845).
- 1911: Jacobus Henricus van’t Hoff, Dutch chemist, 1901 Nobel Prize winner for chemistry (b. 1852).
- 1912: Pyotr Lebedev, Russian physicist (b.1866).
- 1914: Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, Canadian Governor (b.1845).
- 1914: Jorge Newbery, Argentine aviator, athlete and scientist (b. 1875).
- 1916: Benjamín Argumedo, Mexican military man (b. 1876).
- 1920: Joseph Trumpeldor, Russian Zionist activist (b. 1880).
- 1921: Nicholas I of Montenegro (b. 1841).
- 1922: Pichichi (Rafael Moreno Aranzadi), Spanish footballer (b. 1892).
- 1924: Louis Perree, French fencer (b.1871).
- 1932: Librado Rivera, Mexican politician and journalist (b. 1864).
- 1936: Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian writer (b. 1871).
- 1938: Gabriele D’Annunzio, Italian poet and politician (b. 1863).
- 1940: Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian writer (b.1878).
- 1941: Lucien Merignac, French fencer (b.1873).
- 1943: Alexandre Yersin, Swiss physician and bacteriologist (b. 1863).
- 1945 – Michael Strank, American Marine (b.1919).
- 1952: Mariano Azuela, Mexican writer (b. 1873).
- 1952: Gregory La Cava, American film director (b. 1892).
- 1958: Giacomo Balla, Italian painter (b. 1871).
- 1958: Carlos Velo, Mexican filmmaker (b.1909).
- 1966: Fritz Houtermans, German physicist (b.1903).
- 1974: Bobby Timmons, American jazz pianist (b.1935).
- 1976: Jean Martinon, French conductor and composer (b.1910).
- 1979: Mustafa Barzani, Iraqi politician (b.1903).
- 1980: Wilhelmina Cooper, Dutch model (b.1939).
- 1980: Dixie Dean, British footballer (b.1907).
- 1983: Arthur Koestler, Anglo-Hungarian journalist and writer (b.1905).
- 1984: Jackie Coogan, American actor (b.1914).
- 1988: Joe Besser, American actor and comedian (b.1907).
- 1991: Edwin H. Land, American scientist and magnate (b.1909).
- 1994: Modesto Fraile, Spanish politician (b. 1935).
- 1995: Georges J. F. Köhler, German biologist, 1984 Nobel Prize in Medicine (b.1946).
- 1995: Vladislav Listyev, Russian journalist (b. 1956).
- 1995: César Rodríguez, Spanish soccer player (b.1920).
- 2000: Begoña Palacios, Mexican actress (b.1941).
- 2003: Nadine Conner, American singer and actress (b.1907).
- 2005: Peter Malkin, Israeli spy (b.1927).
- 2006: Harry Browne, American politician and writer (b. 1933).
- 2006: José Luis Castejón Garrués, Spanish politician (b.1950).
- 2006: Peter Osgood, British footballer (b.1947).
- 2007: Manuel Bento, Portuguese footballer.
- 2008: Raúl Reyes, Colombian guerrilla (b.1948).
- 2009: Pepe Rubianes, actor and Spanish theater director (b. 1947).
- 2010: José Luis Bollea, Argentine singer, director and composer (b. 1942).
- 2010: Luis Ernesto Videla, Chilean businessman (b.1960).
- 2010: Vladimir Iliushin, Russian aviator (b.1927).
- 2012: Quique Camoiras, Spanish actor and comedian (b. 1928).
- 2012: Jerome Courtland, American actor, director and producer (b.1926).
- 2012: Lucio Dalla, Italian singer-songwriter (b.1943).
- 2013: Bonnie Franklin, American actress (b.1944).
- 2013: Santos Inzaurralde, Uruguayan poet and politician (b.1925).
- 2013: Ludwig Zausinger, German footballer (b.1929).
- 2014: Edita Guerrero, Peruvian singer (b. 1983).
- 2014: Alain Resnais, French filmmaker (b.1922).
- 2014: Alejandro Zaffaroni, Uruguayan chemist and businessman (b.1923).
- 2015: Joshua Fishman, American linguist and academic (b.1926).
- 2015: Minnie Miñoso, Cuban baseball player (b.1922).
- 2015: Chris Welp, German basketball player and coach (b. 1964).
- 2019: Zhorés Alfiórov, Russian physicist, 2000 Nobel Laureate in Physics (b.1930).
- 2019: Kevin Roche, American architect (b.1922).
- 2020: Ernesto Cardenal, Nicaraguan poet, priest and politician (b. 1925).
- 2020: Jack Welch, American businessman (b.1935)
- 2021: Enrique San Francisco, Spanish actor (b.1955)
What is Celebrated “A Day as Today”?
March 1 – A Day as Today – Celebrations
- Zero Discrimination Day
- Self-harm awareness day
- Spain: Balearic Islands Day
- Nicaragua: Journalist’s Day
- Colombia: Public Accountant Day
- Iceland: Bjórdagur
- Paraguay: National Heroes Day
- Bosnia and Herzegovina: Independence Day
- Poland: National Day of Remembrance of the “Cursed Soldiers”
- United States: National Pig Day
- Marshall Islands: Remembrance Day
- United Kingdom: Saint David’s Day
- South Korea: Samiljeol
- Bulgaria / Romania / Moldova: Mărțișor
- Micronesia: Yap Day.
Catholic Santoral “A Day as Today”
March 1 – A Day as Today – Catholic Santoral
- Saint Felix III, Pope (f. 492)
- Saint Albino of Andgevia, bishop (d. c. 550)
- Saint David of Menevia, bishop (d. c. 601)
- Saint Siviard of Anille, abbot (d. c. 680)
- Saint Suitbert of Werda, bishop (d. 713)
- Saint Leo of Vasconia, bishop and martyr (9th century)
- Saint Leo Lucas, abbot (d. c. 900)
- Saint Rosendo de Celanova, bishop and abbot (d. 977)
- Blessed Christopher of Milan, priest
- Blessed Juana María Bonomo, abbess (d. 1670)
- Saint Agnes Cao Kuiying, martyr (d. 1856).
What Sign of the Zodiac Rules those Born “A Day as Today”?
March 1 – A Day as Today – Zodiac Sign
The Last Ephemeris of the Week: